History Bitumen

The existence of Bitumen dates back to the third millennium BCE which observation proved it was in sculptures, in the making of brick walls, waterproofing bathhouses and sanitation, in staircases, and it was also widely used for shipbuilding during that period and beyond.

Cultures such as Babylon, Indies, Persians, Egyptians, and ancient Greece and the Romans continued its use, and it has even been heard that bitumen continues to hold certain components securely together to this day.
In the Book of Genesis in the Bible, the name of the substance used to bind the bricks of the Tower of Babel has been decoded as bitumen (Gen 11:3). Although bitumen’s presence has not yet been confirmed, it is said that a one-kilometer tunnel beneath the river Euphrates at Babylonia in the time of Queen Semiramis (ca. 700 B.C.) was allegedly constructed with burnt bricks covered with bitumen as a waterproofing agent.

The term bitumen comes from the Latin language.The Greek name for this bituminous  substance was (asphaltos). Approximately in 40 A.D. Dioscorides described the production of asphaltos (as distinguished from piss asphalt and naphtha) The terms asphalt and bitumen are often used interchangeably to mean both the natural and the manufactured forms of the substance.